Dry Needling is the insertion of sterile, single use filament needles directly into myofascial trigger points. Myofascial trigger points are multiple knots within a muscle fibre which can cause and contribute to pain within the body. The needles are inserted into the skin and directly into the myofascial trigger points with little to no discomfort.
Inserting a needle into a trigger points causes biomechanical changes which release the trigger point and alleviates pain. Very often upon insertion of the needles, a “local twitch response” is elicited. This is a desirable effect, which signifies the first step to breaking the pain cycle and releasing tight trigger points within muscles.
Dry Needling is strictly based upon Western medicine principles of treating myofascial trigger points, which are different to traditional acupuncture points. Dry Needling Physiotherapy can be used to treat a variety of conditions including back and neck pain, shoulder and arm pain, headaches, buttock and leg pain (including sciatic pain), calf tightness or cramps.